What is Vitamin B12
Vitamin B12, also called cobalamin, is a water-soluble vitamin which plays an important role in the normal functioning of the brain and nervous system. It is also required for the formation of blood. It is one of the eight B vitamins.
Water-soluble vitamins dissolve in water. After the body uses these vitamins, they leave the body through the urine. Vitamin B12 can be stored for years in the liver. Although the full chemical structure of B12 was not identified until the 1960s, two Nobel Prizes have already been awarded for research involving this vitamin. There are many names for B12, the following are the main ones:
All these designations have the word “coba” in it, since cobalt is the mineral found in the center of the vitamin.
Benefits of Vitamin B12
Vitamin B12 is required by the body to perform a lot of functions so that it remains healthy and fit. They include the following:
It supports the production of red blood cells and prevent anemia
Allows nerve cells to develop properly
It helps your cells metabolize protein, carbohydrate, and fat
It is used to treat vitamin B12 deficiency
It treats cyanide poisoning, and hereditary deficiency of transcobalamin
Cures a deficiency of anemia.
It also helps find the cause of dementia or other nervous system symptoms, such as tingling or numbness of the arms or legs (peripheral neuropathy).
Other benefits include:
Curing red or sore tongue
Reducing heart palpitations
And treating memory problems as well.
Dietary sources of Vitamin B12
The following food products are said to be rich in vitamin B12:
Pork liver sausage
Raw chicken breast
Supplements are found in many energy drinks and energy shots, as well as other multi vitamins. They are easily available everywhere. They are found in pill/capsule form, as well as liquid forms, which can be injected.
Deficiency of Vitamin B12:
A deficiency of vitamin B12 cause severe and irreversible damage to the brain and nervous system. It can also cause fatigue, depression, and poor memory loss. However, these symptoms by themselves are too nonspecific to diagnose deficiency of the vitamin. It can also cause symptoms of mania and psychosis. Vitamin B12 deficiency can be caused by the metabolic disorder pernicious anemia.
Excess of Vitamin B12:
Vitamin B12 has extremely low toxicity and even taking it in large amounts appears not to be harmful to healthy individuals. But one should still be careful and should consume in specific amounts prescribed by nutritionists.